What Is Civil Litigation

Civil litigation is the process of taking legal action against another person or entity. In a civil case, one party sues another to enforce, change, or recover money for a wrong that has been committed. The process can be very complex, and it is important to hire an experienced attorney to represent you. If you are considering filing a civil lawsuit, read on to learn more about the process. 


Instead of needing to go to court, this process aims to come to a settlement that both parties can accept. In the majority of civil litigation cases, the winning party receives money from the losing party as part of the settlement; however, the losing party may also take some non-financial action as part of the settlement. The settlement can take place during talks or after the trial is over. Both parties have a set amount of time after a trial to appeal a decision if they don’t agree with it. 

The Statute of Limitations: An Overview 

There will be a statute of limitations in place in many civil litigation types, particularly those involving injury or malpractice. This is a deadline that calls for cases to be submitted in a timely manner. You must make sure that you file your claim within the statute of limitations guidelines, even though these vary from case to case and from state to state. Even if the case was legitimate, it will be dismissed if it is filed after the statute of limitations has run. 

What Do Civil Litigation Attorneys Do? 

The role of the attorney in civil litigation is complex. During the initial consultation, the lawyer aids the client in determining whether their case has merit or if they have the legal authority to contest the accusations leveled against them. If the case proceeds, the civil litigation lawyer starts the time-consuming process of gathering evidence and conducting witness interviews. The civil litigation lawyer also aids in the documentation’s preparation, including the complaint, brief, and answer. Finally, the civil litigation attorney presents evidence, cross-examines witnesses, and makes opening and closing arguments on behalf of the client in court. Making a sound argument with convincing evidence and winning a favorable verdict depend greatly on the choice of your legal representative. 

The Most Common Types of Civil Litigation 

There are many different types of civil litigation that a civil litigation lawyer may handle. The most common type of civil litigation is contract disputes. These disputes can arise from many different types of contracts, including employment contracts, leases, and purchase agreements. Another common type of civil litigation is personal injury claims. These claims can arise from many different types of accidents, including car accidents, slip, and fall accidents, and medical malpractice. Other types of civil litigation include property damage claims, defamation claims, and antitrust claims. 

Summing Up 

This process can be either through trial or arbitration. Civil litigation is a complex process, and it is important to have an experienced attorney by your side to guide you through the process.